The average team wins at home 63 percent of the time and on the road just 37 percent of the time. But the differential is much smaller for France and even smaller for Switzerland. In fact, France lost the past two finals it hosted, in 1999 and 2002.Andrew Flowers contributed to the analysis of data supplied by the International Tennis Federation. This story appears in ESPN The Magazine’s Nov. 24 The State of Football Issue. The farther Cup teams have to travel, the worse they perform (though traveling between 501 and 1,000 miles seems particularly tough). Luckily for Roger & Co.: Lille is just 325 miles from the Swiss capital of Bern, minimizing the French advantage. Roger Federer holds a record 17 Grand Slam titles, but there’s one trophy he’s still itching to lift: the Davis Cup. Starting Friday, he gets his best chance yet. In his first Davis Cup final, the 33-year-old ace and his Swiss teammates will battle the French in Lille, France.Yes, playing away from home significantly diminishes the win probability for the Swiss. And because Davis Cup rules dictate that the host country gets to choose the playing surface, Federer will be forced to compete on clay, his least favorite type of court — without much practice, after a back problem kept him sidelined until a short session Wednesday.But the good news for Federer is that Lille is a lot closer to home than Melbourne, where he lost to the Australians in 2003, the only other time he made a Cup semifinal. Plus, Switzerland is one of a handful of major teams to maintain a winning Cup road record since the modern era began in 1972.Of course, the second-ranked Federer is simply better most days than any of his Lille opponents. (France is led by No. 12 Jo-Wilfried Tsonga.) And he’s so popular globally that he takes home-court advantage with him when he travels. Consider Roland Garros. “When he plays a French player,” says France’s Gilles Simon, “[the crowd] is 50-50, and I’m like, ‘Guys, what’s going on?’ ”The Swiss aren’t likely to feel that much love in Lille. But they still have plenty on their side to get the job done. Here’s a closer look at the factors in their favor. Federer’s 37–7 Davis Cup singles record is even more impressive when you consider that he’s been even better on the road than at home—especially in Europe, where he’s won his past 15 matches.
More details coming soon. According to several sources, Alex Rodriguez will be suspended by Major League Baseball on Monday. Rodriguez and 12 other players are projected to be suspended for their ties to performance-enhancing drugs dispensed at an anti-aging clinic in Miami, Fla.Officials for MLB are reportedly planning to suspend the New York Yankees slugger for the remainder of the 2013 season and the entire 2014 season—a move that may end Rodriguez’s career.After weeks of reports stating that A-Rod will settle with a lesser punishment, tense deliberations between Rodriguez and commissioner Bud Selig’s office ended Saturday. Selig later said that he would no longer negotiate with Rodriguez, according to one of the sources.Several other sources say that Selig changed his mind about the settlement because he was furious with Rodriguez for telling reporters he would not negotiate.“All this is about money,” one of the sources said. “This shows the selfishness of this guy that he would go to arbitration and force himself back in the clubhouse and subject the team to a season-long media circus.”
After putting a serious beating on Clemson 51-14, Jameis Winston and Florida State University has gone from No. 5 in the BCS poll to No. 2 in just one week.The Bowl Championship Series standings were released Sunday night and Alabama remained at No. 1, while Oregon fell from No. 2 to No. 3.Two other undefeated teams, No. 4 Ohio State and No. 5 Missouri rounded out the top five schools in the poll.Stanford, which has one loss, came in at No. 6. Below Stanford came No. 7 Miami and No. 8 Baylor, both undefeated.Clemson dropped from No. 3 to No. 9, while undefeated Texas Tech is No. 10.According to ESPN:“The percentage of votes in the USA Today and Harris polls each count for one third of the calculations. A composite ranking of six computers make up the final third. Each team’s highest and lowest computer rankings are ignored in the calculations.Florida State had the best overall computer ranking, followed by the SEC’s Alabama and Missouri. The computers ranked Oregon fourth.”
An alternate payout scheme that seems to have caught on recently is an “Every Score Pays” squares pool. Under this version, instead of waiting for the end of each quarter, a fixed percentage of the pool is paid out after every score change, including extra points. A typical amount is 5 percent of the pool per score. Payouts continue until the funds are exhausted. Any money left over at the end of the game goes to the holder of the final score square. Using detailed play-by-play data from that same 10 season dataset, I also calculated the expected value of each square under this somewhat more complex payout scheme (assuming the 5 percent payout option).In general, regardless of the payout scheme, 0-7 and 0-3 will be valuable squares. 0-0 tends to be a valuable first quarter square due to the likelihood of a scoreless first 15 minutes. And, much like the “9” button on your microwave, the 5-5 square is highly unlikely to see much action this Sunday. Superbowl XLIX takes place Sunday afternoon, and with it, our nation’s annual exercise in modular arithmetic: Super Bowl squares.In a squares pool, participants are assigned a pair of single digit numbers on a 10×10 grid — so I’d have 0 and 7, for example. Each pair of numbers corresponds to a square on the grid, and I’d get paid if the Patriots finished with a score that ended in 0 and the Seahawks with a score that ended in 7 — 20, 17, say. Typically, people get paid according to the score at the end of each quarter, as well, to add a little spice to the proceedings.In most pools, squares are assigned on a random basis, but not all squares are equal in terms of expected value. Football scoring tends to come in chunks of sevens and threes (and, much less frequently, sixes, eights, and twos). As a result, squares containing zero, seven, and three are more valuable than those containing, say, a five or a two.If you’re in an office squares pool, you probably already know your numbers and may be wondering whether your square is any good. Or perhaps you want to engage in a little pre-game arbitrage with other members of your pool. If so, I’ve calculated the expected value of each square, after each quarter, below. (Expected payouts are derived from the outcomes of over 2,500 games from 10 NFL seasons.)
NBA Things That Caught My EyeWater is technically snake oil, I guess?Tom Brady is really great at being a football player, but his provenance as a nutritionist or health expert is suspect. In the spirit of “just because you’re a bird doesn’t mean you’re an ornithologist,” Christie Ashwanden took a serious look at the TB12 method, and the reality is that drinking lots of water isn’t the same as putting on sunscreen, drinking too much water is actually pretty dangerous, and “pliability” could have less to do with Tom Brady’s continued efficacy behind center than, say, a continually successful offensive line that’s been adept at protecting him from injury. On the other hand, as I’m currently on day four of The Gronk Cleanse, I am pretty hammered. [FiveThirtyEight]The Bills are IN! But…The Buffalo Bills have snapped the longest active streak in the NFL and made the playoffs after 17 years of not doing that. The organization is in heaven right now. Still, making the playoffs can have a lot more to do with luck than skill, and this Bills group is pretty middle-of-the-road talent-wise when compared to those 17 other teams. While they finished 9-7, teams that got outscored by 57 points over the course of the year usually get fewer breaks in their direction and finish with six or seven wins. [FiveThirtyEight]Jordan Greenway with a firstOf 1,690 men’s Division I college hockey players, 13 identified themselves as black. One is Jordan Greenway, a Boston University forward who became the first African-American hockey player to represent Team U.S.A. at the Winter Olympics. [The Undefeated]UCF is committing to the bitThe University of Central Florida is claiming that they’re the national champions of college football. Despite not making the college football playoff, UCF argues that, since they went undefeated and beat Auburn in the Peach Bowl, they get to be champs. This stunt could be a lot of things, but it’s not a half measure by any stretch: Athletic Director Danny White said that the coaching staff is getting their national title bonuses and all. [SB Nation]Try out our interactive, Which World Cup Team Should You Root For?They get a parade!Cleveland went 0-16 this season, joining the Detroit Lions as the only franchises to lose 16 regular season games. Thousands of Cleveland fans will reportedly gather this Saturday to watch a parade commemorating the season of “perfection.” [Cincinnati.com]Four out of five top broadcasts!Off the top 100 most viewed telecasts in 2017, 81 of them ended up being sports events. Live sports continues to be one of the main attractions on the television. Put in a historical context, even the NFL is doing alright: While Fox telecasts of NFL games were down from 2016 and 2015, viewership is still up compared to 10, 15 and 20 years ago, according to Sports Business Daily. [Austin Karp]Make sure to try your hand at our fun NFL game: Can you beat the FiveThirtyEight predictions?Big Number21 percentGoing into the NFL Wildcard weekend, New England is the overwhelming favorite to win the Super Bowl, with a 31 percent chance of doing so. Minnesota, Philly, and Pittsburgh have 19, 15 and 14 percent chances of doing so according to out Elo model, so we’d expect about a 79 percent chance one of those teams wins the championship. Now, you may recall none of those teams are playing football this weekend. Among the wild card teams, the ones with the best shots are New Orleans, Kansas City, and Atlanta, with a 5 percent, 4 percent and 4 percent chance of winning the Super Bowl. Still, there’s only a 21 percent chance one of the teams this weekend wins it all. [FiveThirtyEight]Leaks from Slack: cwick:Rare D-I women’s quadruple-double recordedquadruple double!neil:Whoa!10 steals 👀cwick:@neil is it easier to get 10 steals or 10 blocks?neil:Way easier to get the blocks (at least in the NBA)There are only 20 games of double digit steals in Basketball-Reference’s databaseThere are 143 double digit block gamesPredictions NFL See more NFL predictions See more college football predictions See more NBA predictions College Football Oh, and don’t forgetBills fans were very generous after Andy Dalton won them a playoff berth We’re launching a sports newsletter. 🏆 Join the squad. Subscribe All newsletters
Ohio State then-sophomore attack Tre Leclaire calls plays to his team during the first half of Ohio State’s 8-5 victory against Michigan on April 13, 2018. Credit: Edward Sutelan | Editor In ChiefNo. 15 Ohio State and Boston University both have something in common heading into Saturday’s matchup: they both have goalkeepers coming off career games. The Terriers junior goalkeeper Joe McSorley comes in off a career-high 24 saves in the first game of the season against Providence, while Ohio State redshirt sophomore goalkeeper John Kirson added 16 saves against Cleveland State. Heading into Saturday’s contest, No. 15 Ohio State (1-0) and Boston University (1-0) will have to make the most of the opportunities given to them, especially with the goalie play for both teams in the first game. “I think for a shooting perspective, we have to do a really good job,” Ohio State head coach Nick Myers said. “It’s something we’ve talked a lot about with coach [Brad] Ross and the staff.”Myers said the Ohio State defense will have to be one that supports each other, making sure the defenders limit the shots that get to the goalie. The Buckeyes opened their season with a 12-9 season-opening victory against Cleveland State, in which both senior midfield Jack Jasinski and junior attack/midfield Tre Leclaire recorded three goals. Ohio State senior midfield captain Logan Maccani said the energy has been high in practices since the first win of the season. “We’ve had a really good week, the energy was high, we were pumped coming off of our first win, but we know there is still room for a lot of improvement,” Maccani said. “We talked a lot about our leaders being energy givers, so that’s one of those things that our leaders have focused on these last few weeks, coming out and starting fast.” In Saturday’s match against Boston University, the Buckeyes will have to focus on sophomore attack Chris Gray, last year’s Patriot League Rookie of the Year who, like Jasinski and Leclaire, is coming off a three-goal performance last week against Providence.Ohio State will have to focus on Boston sophomore attacker Chris Gray. Gray was the Patriot League Rookie of the Year a season ago, and is coming off a three-goal performance in the team’s opener against Providence.“With the dangerous transition game, they present a lot of challenges,” Myers said. “They’re well coached, and they’ve been out here before. This is the second year coming out here, and we’re excited for what should be a great game Saturday.” After a sell-out crowd in the season opener, Ohio State will try and continue to use the Woody Hayes Athletic Center as an advantage. The Buckeyes have never lost inside the Woody Hayes Athletic Center, winning all 23 games played in the venue.“We really really want to protect this space, but ultimately we’re just going to go out there and do as we’re taught and follow the scheme and things should handle themselves out,” Maccani said.Ohio State will take on Boston University at the Woody Hayes Athletic Center at noon on Saturday.
Instagram is the worst social media site in terms of its impact on the mental health of young people, a report has suggested.The #StatusofMind survey found the photo-sharing app negatively impacted on people’s body image, sleep and fear of missing out.However, the survey of 1,479 youngsters aged 14 to 24, found Instagram was positive in terms of self-expression and self-identity.Respondents were asked to score how each of the social media platforms they use impact upon issues such as anxiety, loneliness and community building.The site with the most positive rating was YouTube, followed by Twitter. Facebook and Snapchat came third and fourth respectively.The Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) report said: “The platforms that are supposed to help young people connect with each other may actually be fuelling a mental health crisis.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Recommendations included introducing pop-ups on sites such as Twitter and Facebook warning users about heavy usage – which the RSPH said was supported by seven in 10 people surveyed – and social media platforms discreetly signposting help to those potentially suffering from mental health issues.Shirley Cramer CBE, chief executive of the RSPH, said: “Social media has been described as more addictive than cigarettes and alcohol, and is now so entrenched in the lives of young people that it is no longer possible to ignore it when talking about young people’s mental health issues. Dr Becky Inkster, honorary research fellow at the University of Cambridge, said: “Young people sometimes feel more comfortable talking about personal issues online.”As health professionals, we must make every attempt to understand modern youth culture expressions, lexicons, and terms to better connect with their thoughts and feelings.” “It’s interesting to see Instagram and Snapchat ranking as the worst for mental health and wellbeing – both platforms are very image-focused and it appears they may be driving feelings of inadequacy and anxiety in young people.”As the evidence grows that there may be potential harms from heavy use of social media, and as we upgrade the status of mental health within society, it is important that we have checks and balances in place to make social media less of a wild west when it comes to young people’s mental health and wellbeing.”
The spread of invasive Himalayan balsam is now so bad that drivers who see it growing along roadside verges are being encouraged to stop and pull it out or contact the council immediately.The pretty pink plant was first introduced to Britain as an ornamental in 1839, but soon found its way out of gardens and into the countryside, where it has been spreading rapidly ever since.Until now it has largely stuck to waterways, such as canals, but increasingly it is moving into verges and hedgerows – where it has a greater chance of spreading because of walkers and traffic. But experts say even mowing verges and roadsides often does not catch all the plants, and they can quickly regain ground of even just a few are allowed to seed.“Control is difficult, firstly because it’s very difficult to chop down or pull all plants (it often needs lots of volunteers to get each plant) and secondly the seeds often keep arriving from neighbouring areas (such as upriver or from neighbouring land you don’t own),” added Dr Dines“On roadsides, people should let the council know.” “It needs to be cleared away every year,” Paul Greaves, river action group co-ordinator at Eden Rivers Trust in Cumbria, a county prone to flooding during wet weather. “When this area floods, the water flows through here and helps to carry the seeds on. It’s important that we keep on top of the problem.”This species is listed on Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act in England and Wales which makes it an offence to plant or allow the species to grow in the wild. But Himalayan balsam is so widespread it is becoming an increasing challenge to tackle. According to the Royal Horticultural Society each plant can produce 800 seeds a year and their explosive pods can shoot seeds up to 22ft (7m) away, which then stick to shoes and car tyres. Bees are also attracted to the flowers and can spread the seeds widely.Once established Himalayan balsam, which can grow up to 10ft in height, outcompetes native species, erodes riverbanks, and clogs up rivers and streams leading to flooding. It is now widespread throughout Britain.Ecologist Louise Wooley, who organises annual ‘balsam bashing’ events in Devon, said: “Every year Himalayan balsam grows exponentially and it’s really reached a point where people are starting to notice it everywhere and it will reach peak catastrophic levels if we don’t do something about it Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Himalyan Balsam FlowersCredit:Moment Open Himalayan balsam in DevonCredit:Papilio / Alamy Stock Photo Dr Trevor Dines, Botanical Specialist at charity Plantlife, said if people see the plant they should contact their council immediately.“Anecdotally people are reporting that Himalayan balsam seems to be moving into drier situations than before – as if it’s adapting to drier soils.“It used to be confined to ditches, ponds, canals and riversides for example but it is increasingly being seen on just slightly damp ground, such as road verges and hedgerows with wet or damp soil.”To fight Himalayan balsam, plants must be chopped down, or pulled up as they come into flower in June or July. The plant is an annual, so if caught early it quickly vanishes. “It used to be just seen along waterways but now it’s seen along roads. People are driving along and seeing vast swathes of it now and the sooner you get it dealt with the better so if you see it you should stop and try and get it out yourself.“It’s an annual plant so if you snap the plant and just leave it in a pile it will die off quickly before it can seed. We need more people to be getting out there and getting it out of the ground.”A recent study by Durham University found that Britain is one of the worst areas in the world for invasive species – with Himalayan balsam cited as a major problem.Islands and mainland coastal regions often contain higher numbers of established alien plants and animals, because they areas have major points of entry like ports. This month, scores of local groups across the country have been scouring riversides and road verges to remove the plant. The ninth annual 3 Rivers Clean Up event for the Ravensbourne, Pool and Quaggy rivers in London has just finished following a three-week blitz of waterways around the capital. Similar projects are currently taking place in Devon, Yorkshire, Shropshire, West Sussex and Cumbria.
Suicide among women in their early twenties is at its highest level in two decades, ONS figures show, as experts warn of a mental health crisis among young women who struggle with the pressures of modern life and social media.While the overall figures for Great Britain show rates are at a seven-year low, women aged between 20 and 24 are increasingly likely to die by suicide. Last year 106 deaths by suicide were recorded among this age group, the first time the number is been more than 100 since 1992, when it was 111. At 5.2 the rate per 100,000 women in this age group is the highest it has been since 1998, when it was 5.7.Jenny Edwards CBE, chief executive of the Mental Health Foundation, called the figures “troubling”. “We know that particularly for young women their rate of poor mental health is three times that of their male contemporaries.”Something is going on – social media use is one part but another is relationships between the sexes. They’ve got a lot more insecurity in their lives than their parents did. “There’s a tendency to blame ourselves if things aren’t working out for us. Particularly if the message we’re getting from social media is that everyone else is living fantastic lives, has got good holidays, and good jobs. That’s a fairytale that can affect our overall mental health.” There is a worry that we have a generation of young people who respond with self-harming behaviour to the stresses that they faceProfessor Louis Appleby Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Last year an inquiry into mental health in England found that more than one in four women aged 16 to 24 had anxiety, depression, panic disorder, phobia or obsessive compulsive disorder, and one in five said they had self-harmed at some point in their life. It concluded that young women had “become a key high risk group”.Professor Appleby said that it was “very easy to point to social media”.”There is good and bad in most of these social phenomena,” he said, adding that many young people who struggled with their mental health found the internet a source of support and comfort. In an examination of young suicide victims carried out by his department, one in four of the cases covered had used the internet in some way that was suicide-related, including posting about their plans on social media or researching methods. In recent years suicide prevention campaigns have focused on men, who still have a much higher rate than women in all age groups and are more than three times more likely to die by suicide than women. The most at-risk group is men in their early 40s, among whom the rate is 23.7. Initiatives such as the Campaign Against Living Miserably have focused on encouraging men to open up about their feelings to try and bring down the suicide rate. Charities said the campaigns appeared to be helping as the overall rate of men dying by suicide has dropped by three per cent from 2015 to 2016. But they added that women could be facing many of the same problems.Elizabeth Scowcroft, research manager for Samaritans, said: “A lot of the issues that women face are the same as men. Women might find it difficult to talk about their feelings as well.”We shouldn’t necessarily assume that men and women have completely different risk factors.” Professor Louis Appleby, of the University of Manchester, who leads the National Suicide Prevention Strategy for England, said the overall figures were the “best we’ve seen in years”. In England the overall rate fell from 10.1 to 9.5. “You’d have to go back more than three decades to find a drop as big as that in one year,” he said. However, he said that it was important to “keep an eye” on the figures for young people. “There is a worry that we have a generation of young people who respond with self-harming behaviour to the stresses that they face,” he said.
The incident happened at Brighton Crown CourtCredit:Alamy DS Deans, of Sussex Police, said: “Threats are, unfortunately, part of a police officer’s job and we are regularly abused by a very small element of our society. These are taken seriously and they will be investigated as such.”However, it will not deter me or any other officer from continuing to try to stem the flow of drugs into Sussex.”Tuesday’s incident is the second surrounding GeoAmey’s staffing at Sussex courts in as many months.Two dock officers were sacked for falling asleep during the trial of Daryll Rowe, who was found guilty of deliberately trying to infect 10 men with HIV.The pair were removed from court proceedings after being reported for snoring in October. “We closely monitor GeoAmey’s performance to ensure their services remain of the highest standard.”Makai, 46, of Portslade, was convicted at a re-trial after undercover officers discovered his role in a chain which fed heroin from Liverpool to the streets of Brighton, Hove and Eastbourne in 2015.Five other key players were jailed in May for a combined total of 67 years. We closely monitor GeoAmey’s performance to ensure their services remain of the highest standardMinistry of Justice spokeswoman He added: “An investigation is under way into the circumstances surrounding this incident.”The prisoner was produced from HMP Lewes, so there was no obligation on escort officers to search him. Nevertheless, GEOAmey searched the prisoner. However, the article was undetected by our officers”.A Ministry of Justice spokeswoman said: “We are aware of an incident at Brighton Crown Court on December 19 and are urgently investigating. A drug dealer pulled out a razor blade in the dock and threatened to kill a police officer in a courtroom security breach being “urgently” investigated by government officials.Louis Makai slashed his wrist at Brighton Crown Court on Tuesday as he was handed an 18-year jail sentence for his part in a £12.5 million drug dealing conspiracy, officials said.Witnesses told how he pointed the blade at Detective Sergeant Julian Deans, the investigating officer who helped to catch him, and said: “When I get out, I’ll kill you.”Both the Ministry of Justice and court security firm GeoAmey, which employs custody officers, are trying to find out how the weapon got into the court room undetected.Makai was treated in court by paramedics but was not taken to hospital, a GEOAmey spokesman said. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Folic acid will be added to all flour to stop thousands of children being born with birth defects, such as spina bifida, it was reported last night.The government is expected to announce a u-turn within weeks after resisting the move for 26 years.In 1991 the largest trial of its type at the time established a link between the diseases, known collectively as neural tube defects (NTD), and low levels of folic acid in mothers during the early part of pregnancy.Eighty-one countries, including the US, subsequently introduced the mandatory fortification of flour with folic acid because only approximately one third of women follow advice to supplement their diet.Britain did not follow suit, partly on the basis of a study by the American Institute of Medicine which indicated a risk of neurological damage if folic acid levels become too high.However following pressure from scientists, and ongoing recommendations from the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN), Downing Street is to make fortification mandatory, according to The Guardian. The Royal Society of Medicine also said that the decision was ‘long overdue’ while charities said it was ‘gamechanging.’Every day in the UK, on average two women have a termination of pregnancy because of a neural tube defect and every week two women give birth to an affected child. In Chile, which has the highest levels of fortification, the measure is believed to prevent up to 80 per cent of potential NTD cases.The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists said it “would welcome the introduction of mandatory fortification across the UK with the appropriate safeguards, such as controls on voluntary fortification by the food industry and improved guidance on supplement use”.“A government decision to introduce mandatory fortification will mean a major positive impact for the health and well-being of babies born in the future,” said Kate Steele, Chief Executive of charity Shine, which helps families of children with neural tube defects.“In many cases, it will be the difference between life and death.”A Department of Health and Social care spokesperson said: “Ministers are considering expert advice and will respond in due course.”
The Duke meets locals in the forests of K’gariCredit:PHIL NOBLE /Reuters The Duke of Sussex unveils a plaque, joking that the technique ‘runs in the family’Credit:Chris Jackson /Getty The Duchess of Sussex arrives at Kingfisher jetty by boatCredit:Catherine Lyn Finch /Getty The Duke of Sussex watches a traditional dance by the Butchulla PeopleCredit:Kirsty Wigglesworth /AP “I now have the privilege of unveiling it in situ. I know that my father came to K’Gari in 1994 for a day off during a royal tour so he has an appreciation of the importance of this place.”Luckily we are both highly skilled when it comes to unveiling plaques… It runs in the family.”Duke meets local elders to learn about island’s historyThe Duke visited one of Fraser Island’s lakes to meet local elders and national park rangers to learn about the Island’s natural beauty, biodiversity and cultural significance.He also heard about the history of the Island’s logging trade, as well as its use as a training base for the Australian Z Special Unit during World War II. The Duke of Sussex poses for a photo with the Butchulla PeopleCredit:Phil Noble /AP The parents-to-be were given gifts including flowers and bears during the walkabout and the Duke was taken by a sign reading “Rangas rule”, an Australian slang reference to his ginger hair.Jada Quinn, nine, said: “My dad is a ranga and I’m a little bit a ranga and he appreciated the sign.”Her sister, Ella, 12, said: “It was a bit overwhelming, I started to cry a little bit. She was so kind and she shook my hand.” Julianne, Ebony and and Lily Reid gave Meghan a home-made baby changing mat, with Harry asking if it had koalas on. “But the Duchess was very keen to re-join the duke at the last engagement of the day to greet the people of the island.” Harry was welcomed to Pile Valley on Fraser Island with a traditional smoking ceremony to ward off evil spirits by members of the Butchulla People, the traditional owners of the land, which they call K’gari – meaning paradise.Aaron Henderson and Darren Blake wafted smoke from a bucket of burning Paper Bark and Blue Gum leaves towards him, while songman Fred Bulanyu Leone called out to their ancestors and tapped out a rhythm with a pair of bar gan – “killer boomerangs” – traditionally used for hunting.The Duke was there to mark the forest’s dedication to the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy initiative, a growing area of protected forests across the organisation’s 53 member states.He gazed up in awe at the 1,000 year old Satinay trees as they led him into the forest to a clearing around a sacred Spirit Tree.Keep up to date with all that’s happening in the Royal family with our weekly, newsletter, Your Royal Appointment. Sign up here. The Duchess also bent down to speak to Noeline Walk, 85, Fraser Island’s oldest and longest-living resident at 45 years.Mrs Walk said: “She asked me since I was local what i would suggest she have for tea,” Mrs Walk said. “‘Seafood, of course!’ I told her. ‘Oh, I’ll have to give it a try’, she said.” The island is still open to members of the public on Monday, although the network of winding bumpy sand roads have been closed to all but the royal household and accredited media.Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world, and has a total of 206,970 acres of protected forest.Duke urges public to protect Queensland rainforestThe Duke of Sussex has urged the public to protect the Queensland rainforest “for our children and our children’s children”, as he embarked on a morning out without his wife. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex meet wellwishers along a Kingfisher Bay walkabout Credit:Chris Hyde /Getty The Duchess, who has modified her programme to take into account her pregnancy, was absent from engagements most of the day, which required a bumpy four wheel drive journey across sandy roads.The couple flew into Hervey Bay on Monday morning, before boarding separate boats for their different days out.After a day of learning about the island’s natural beauty, the Duke travelled to Kingfisher Bay by boat, where he was joined by the Duchess for a walk along the jetty. The Duchess of Sussex joined her husband for a walkabout on Fraser Island, having spent the morning resting as her pregnancy “takes its toll”.Meghan, wearing a striped dress by Reformation and brown leather lace-up sandals, clutched her baby bump for part of the walk under blue skies in Queensland.The Duke had attended three of the day’s engagements on his own, including an unveiling of the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy, where he joked about plaque-unveiling running “in the family”.He had told his pregnant wife to take it easy as the couple carry out a 16-day tour across Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Tonga, telling Invictus Games athletes on Sunday: “Being pregnant takes its toll”.It is understood that the Duchess of Sussex is to resume her full royal tour programme as of now and will undertake the full schedule in Fiji and Tonga unless circumstances change again. The Duke and Duchess walk hand-in-hand along the jettyCredit:PHIL NOBLE /Reuters Unveiling plaques ‘runs in the family’, jokes HarryThe Duke of Sussex joked that being skilled at unveiling plaques “runs in the family” as he took part in a dedication ceremony on Fraser Island in Queensland on Monday.Harry was greeted by the Butchulla People and took part in a traditional Welcome to Country smoking ceremony on Fraser Island.He spoke under the island’s satinay trees in Pile Valley, some up to 1,000 years old and used to build the London docks in the 1930s.Before Harry began speaking, local Marilyn Clarke called out: “You are better looking in person!” – to which he replied: “I will take that as a compliment.” The Duchess was glowing as she arrived by car to meet her husband, having spent the morning at their hotel recuperating from the heavy schedule of the first week of their tour.A royal aide said: “She isn’t sick, she just had a tiring few days and we were concerned about the roads on the island which are incredibly bumpy and uncomfortable for anyone, let alone a pregnant woman. Dedicating the Forests of K’Gari to the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy, the Duke said the initiative was “established in honour of my grandmother, the Queen’s lifetime of service to the Commonwealth”.”This is actually the second time this plaque has been unveiled which I know is highly unusual,” he said. “The first time was by my father the Prince of Wales in Bundaberg earlier this year when he was visiting. The Duchess of Sussex clutched her baby bump for part of a walk along a jetty in Kingfisher Bay with her husbandCredit:DARREN ENGLAND /AFP
Duckenfield appears in court alongside former Sheffield Wednesday club secretary Graham Mackrell, 69, of Stocking Pelham, Hertfordshire, who is charged with contravening a term or condition of the stadium’s safety certificate and failing to discharge a duty under the Health and Safety Act. The case, due to last until May, opened after the judge, Sir Peter Openshaw, made a lengthy and strict order for jurors to ignore what they may have heard of read about the high profile case.”What any of you have heard in the past is entirely irrelevant to your task,” the judge said. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. The Crown then described how Duckenfield was the most senior police officer at the match and he “grossly failed to discharge his personal responsibility for the safety of deceased”.Mr Matthews added: “With that role, came not just ultimate responsibility for the police operation on the 15th April to secure the safe arrival, entry and accommodation of those 50,000 fans at the Hillsborough Stadium, but personal responsibility to take reasonable care for the arrangements that were put in place, to take reasonable care in the command of those beneath him and to take reasonable care in the orders he gave and decisions he took.”It is the prosecution’s case that David Duckenfield’s failures to discharge this personal responsibility were extraordinarily bad and contributed substantially to the deaths of each of those 96 people who so tragically and unnecessarily lost their lives.”It is the prosecution’s case that each of those who died did so as a result of participation in the wholly innocent activity of attending a football match as a spectator on the 15th April 1989; each died as a consequence of the obvious and serious risk to life posed by crushing from poor management of the expected capacity crowd seeking admission to watch the match; and each died as a result of the extraordinarily bad failures by David Duckenfield in the care he took to discharge his personal responsibility on that fateful day.” David Duckenfield, a former South Yorkshire Police chief, was responsible for “extraordinarily bad” failures which led to the loss of life of 96 wholly innocent fans during the Hillsborough disaster almost 30 years ago, a court has heard.A jury of six men and six women were told how he was criminally responsible for 95 of those victims because of his “gross failure” as match-day commander for Liverpool’s FA Cup semi-final against Nottingham Forest in 1989.Nobody monitored numbers or safety in the build up to the tragedy, which led to fans getting crushed after Duckenfield failed in his duty to safeguard spectators, Preston Crown Court heard.Opening the Crown’s case, the lead barrister Richard Matthews QC told the jury of six men and six women there should have been “nothing extraordinary” about that FA cup semi-final match.Instead, he said, “there was an extraordinary series of collective and personal failures on the part of very many, if not all, of those who were responsible for the planning, organisation and management of the arrival, entry and accommodation of the 50,000 fans at the Hillsborough Stadium”.He added: “Sadly, there were also many collective and individual failures to intervene effectively once the disaster unfolded, not least through the failure of anyone in a position to do so, Mr Duckenfield included, to declare the situation a ‘major incident’ in good time, to put in place emergency measures to release those trapped and to organise and provide emergency medical attention, particularly attempts at resuscitation.” The QC added that it was “an extraordinarily bad failure to properly consider the planning, the preparation, the roles, the responsibilities and the command of those who, in the event, were left to cope with the results of what was the ill-considered and poorly arranged, but easily identifiable, arrival of very many thousands of people a relatively short time before the scheduled kick-off”.Far too many people were allowed to enter, the barrister added, “into a terribly confined space, in circumstances where no one was charged with monitoring numbers for safety and where those in a position to attempt to alleviate the inevitable crush, had been given strict orders to keep access gates onto the pitch closed, only to open them by express command of a senior officer.”Seven men and seven women were selected from a panel of 29 at Preston Crown Court on Tuesday to serve as a jury of 12, with two extra people who will sit through the case opening.The former South Yorkshire Police chief superintendent, 74, of Bournemouth, denies the gross negligence manslaughter of 95 Liverpool fans.Under the law at the time, there can be no prosecution for the death of the 96th victim, Tony Bland, as he died more than a year and a day after his injuries were caused. David Duckenfield arrives at Preston Crown CourtCredit:Jon Super/MGO
Jason Beer QC, defending, said: “Thirty years has elapsed since this offence was committed, but Mr Mackrell was told in August 1990 that he wasn’t going to be prosecuted and lived his life accordingly.”He has spent two years with this hanging over his head.” He said senior police officers had also been aware of the arrangement for turnstiles on the day.He added: “He wasn’t part of any cover up, he wasn’t part of any concealment of facts. He was blameless for the delay of 30 years.”He said at the time, Hillsborough had been regarded as one of the safest stadiums in the country.Judge Openshaw said if Mackrell had been sentenced under the guidelines of today he could have faced a maximum of two years in prison.He said Mackrell had been exposed to public “vilification” since the disaster.He said: “The disaster and its aftermath has had a serious and lasting effect on him and his family.” Mackrell, of Stocking Peltham in Hertfordshire, had originally faced three charges relating to the disaster, but two counts of contravening terms or conditions of the ground’s safety certificate were dropped during proceedings.He stood trial alongside match commander David Duckenfield but, after deliberating for 29 hours and six minutes, the jury failed to reach a verdict on whether the former chief superintendent was guilty of the gross negligence manslaughter of 95 of the victims.A hearing to decide whether Duckenfield will face a retrial is expected to be held next month.Judge Openshaw said Mackrell would be given a fine which was 600% of his weekly income.The court heard he made £700-a-week in his job as administrator for the Football League Managers’ Association and earned an additional £670-a-week from pensions.There was laughter from the public gallery as Mr Beer said Mackrell had “modest” savings of £5,000.Mr Beer told the court: “Mr Mackrell made a mistake and he made the same mistake that others may have made.” “He went on to bigger and better things, he was promoted. This is a man who has been paid very well and gone on to do other things. That should not have happened.”She said she was “absolutely livid” when reference was made in court to Mackrell’s good character and said if he was “any kind of professional person and decent man” then he would have answered the 22 questions put to him by officers from Operation Resolve – the criminal inquiry into Hillsborough – rather than give no comment.The court heard there were seven turnstiles available for the 10,100 Liverpool fans with standing tickets.Judge Sir Peter Openshaw said: “He should have realised there was an obvious risk that so many spectators could not pass through seven turnstiles in time for kick-off.” Families of the Hillsborough disaster victims have reacted angrily to the £6,500 fine handed out to a former secretary of Sheffield Wednesday Football Club, saying it values each of the 96 at just £67.70. Graham Mackrell, 69, who was safety officer for the club at the time of the 1989 FA Cup semi-final, was sentenced on Monday after he was found guilty of failing to discharge a duty under the Health and Safety at Work Act in respect of ensuring there were enough turnstiles to prevent unduly large crowds building up outside the ground.But outside Preston Crown Court, an enraged Louise Brookes, whose brother Andrew died at Hillsborough, said: “Our 96 are dead and all its worth is £67.70 each. Shameful. Thirty years to get to this.”Our 96 deserve better than this and us families deserve better than this. We are all getting on in age and enough is enough.”My weekly shopping costs more than £67.70.”Speaking of Mackrell, Christine Burke, whose father Henry died in the disaster, said: “When Hillsborough happened he was in charge of the safety certificate at the time and he should have been sacked straightaway. There should have been no way that he could have pursued his career as he did do after Hillsborough. Mackrell, wearing a suit with blue shirt and purple tie, sat in the well of the court rather than the dock for the sentencing.In a statement, Mackrell said: “I am grateful that today the judge recognised my conduct did not cause or contribute to the death of any person or cause any person to be injured on that tragic day.”Despite that, I do wish to take this opportunity to make clear my sympathy to all those impacted by this appalling tragedy. No-one should have to go through what the families have experienced. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. “Due to the ongoing legal processes involving other defendants, I will not be making any further comment.”About half a dozen family members sat in the public gallery and nine members of the press were also in court, with others watching from an annexe.Three members of the jury returned to hear the sentencing.The former club secretary, the first person to be convicted for an offence relating to the disaster, was found guilty of by a majority of 10 to two on April 3 following an 10-week trial.Ninety-six Liverpool fans died following the crush in the central pens of the Leppings Lane terrace at the match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest on April 15, 1989, after exit gates to the ground were opened to relieve a build-up of crowds outside.But, Judge Openshaw said Mackrell’s offence did not directly cause the disaster inside the ground.He said: “The defendant’s offence was at least one of the direct causes of the crush at the turnstiles outside the ground but it was not a direct cause of the crush on the terraces inside the ground that resulted in the deaths of 96 spectators and injury to many more, to which the crush outside the ground did no more than set the scene.”
Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedIAC condemns PPO’s ‘racial slur,’ says yet another reason why ERC neededSeptember 15, 2017In “latest news”President provides $100,000 support to mother whose son was burnt in house fireFebruary 10, 2016In “Local News”Murdered 13-year-old: ‘No proof’ that officers acted unprofessionally – RamnarineOctober 12, 2017In “Crime” Lloyda Nicholas-Garrett, who functions as Public Information and Press Services Officer for President David Granger, was a no-show at an event at State House on Wednesday. Her absence was noted as Nicholas-Garrett normally accompanies the Head of State at the majority of his outreaches and official events.This led to speculation that the press officer was avoiding the plethora of media personnel who, in the past several hours, made several unsuccessful attempts to contact her.INews understands that she also may be avoiding her co-workers as a source disclosed that she did not report for duty and was reportedly absent from work on Wednesday.Public Information and Press Services Officer Lloyda Nicholas-GarrettThe brewing controversy stems from alleged social media postings on Facebook where she purportedly exchanged messages with other users that included racial slurs and derogatory remarks about colleagues at the Ministry of the Presidency (MotP). The supposed leaks were shared by People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) Member of Parliament (MP) Nigel Dharamlall, who called for her to be fired.“I would like to call for the immediate termination of the services of the Racist Staffer and a period of race relations rehabilitation for her. My taxes are not to be used to pay anyone who is racist,” Dharamlall said on Tuesday.Dharamlall’s shared post highlighted that Nicholas-Garrett and the other users, in a seemingly private conversation made disparaging remarks against Indo-Guyanese.Following the postings of her purported derogatory remarks, sources close to the controversy related that Nicholas-Garrett was often times a “difficult” person to work with and would “pressure” subordinate staff.
…PPP officialsThe DPP’s supposed to review all cases the Police – or in this case SOCU – wants to prosecute. In the case of long-trumpeted accusations by the PNC/APNU and AFC of the PPP government “siphoning off billions and billions”, it took them over two years after their “forensic” audits of dozens of agencies to bring charges against two PPP Administration officials – Brassington, CEO of NICIL and Singh, Minister of Finance.And what charges!! It was as if the mountain strained – and produced a mouse!! Criminal “Misconduct in a public official” – an English medieval charge coterminous with burning folks at the stake! – that was long thrown out there. And what actions deserve possible “drawing and quartering”? That Singh and Brassington knowingly sold Government land far below the market value. Matters not that “market value” is a very slippery notion, and even if proven, there might’ve been extenuating circumstances for their decision.Anyhow, SOCU made no accusations that Brassington and Singh took a piece of the action or anything like that – just that they gave away the store. So, even if SOCU’s right, there was no ‘siphoning” from the Treasury, just that the Treasury could’ve been further fattened. But in the latest charges against the PPP’s financial mavens, it’s clear the PNC Government’s clutching at straws to satisfy their constituents, who’d been promised PPP blood.They’ve added the sale of the Sanata Complex — with facts so dodgy they prove someone’s either sleeping at the DPP’s office or else they’re singing for their supper!! That SOCU brought the charges we can understand – they’re directly under POLITICAL control.The gist of the charge, like your Eyewitness said, is that Brassington and Singh knowingly and deliberately gave away the (Government) store.Now, in these sales, how’d you determine “fair” value? Well, you go to qualified and certified “valuators” – which both the Government agents and the buyer did. The facts show NICIL first got a valuation of $245 million; the buyer got one for $350 million; and then NICIL got another one for $1 billion!Right off the bat, this shows NICIL was batting for the Government!! The final agreed price was the average of the buyer’s valuation and the HIGHER NICIL one.And this was giving away the store? Oi vey!!… CSMEAnother mountain that rumbled and strained to only produce a mouse was the CariCom “stakeholders” forum, at the Princess last week to consider the status of the CSME. The consensus was it wasn’t the fault of the Secretariat the CSME’s moribund, but of the Heads of Government (HOGS). Well…duh!!…wasn’t this always the case? Do we need a CDB-funded meet to tell us this??Whatever gap there’s been between the promise and achievement of CariCom has been the handiwork of the Little Caesar HOGS, who won’t concede an iota of their executive authority to a CariCom body to implement their decisions. So what we have is: these HOGS merrily pontificating about “what is to be done” at their “Summits” (which is so named to suggest their elevated statuses!!) but then returning “home” and sitting on their hands! So, what’ll change at the HOGS “special summit” next month? Absolutely nothing!The ever-candid St Vincent PM, Gonsalves, however, singled out Barbados and TT for preventing the CSME’s “free movement of peoples”.But since their economies have collapsed, that’s now moot, ain’t it??!!…G-7Trump threw a spanner into the G-7 meet when he refused to endorse the final communique, and called Canada’s PM, Justin Trudeau, “dishonest and weak”!!Now onto his Singapore meet with N Korea’s “Rocket man”!! Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Related
Nautilus Minerals reports that Teck Cominco has commenced an offshore exploration program over Nautilus’ exploration tenements in the territorial waters of Papua New Guinea (PNG) and the exclusive economic zone of the Kingdom of Tonga. At the completion of this program Teck will have the right to elect to enter into joint ventures with Nautilus in up to six countries, earning between 40% and 50% (depending on the country) by the expenditure of $25 million in that specific country area. Nautilus CEO David Heydon comments “We have been working closely with Teck since late 2006 and are pleased to have them now directly managing a significant offshore exploration program. Not only are they committing to an expenditure of $12 million in 2008, they have also opened and staffed an exploration office in Brisbane with seasoned exploration personnel redeployed from their other global exploration programs. Nautilus and Teck staff are working closely together to design and implement these programs, with both groups seconding staff to assist in each other’s programs. In 2008 Nautilus and Teck are planning to contract up to six vessels, providing the opportunity for new discoveries to build our project pipeline”.Fred Daley, Vice President Exploration for Teck comments “Teck is extremely pleased to be managing such a large scale seafloor research and exploration program on behalf of the parties. Nautilus holds some very prospective tenements in both PNG and Tonga and we are excited about the prospects for new discoveries in 2008. The opportunity to work with the professionals at Nautilus, world class marine research institutes and various consulting groups will significantly advance the understanding, and potential value of, seafloor massive sulphides on the Nautilus tenements.”The initial work program in the territorial waters of PNG commenced on March 26 with a 33 day bathymetric mapping program that will be conducted from the 50 m long MV Sepura, a PNG registered and crewed vessel. This work will define areas for geophysical and geochemical follow-up in mid-2008.Nautilus is the first company to commercially explore the ocean floor for gold and copper seafloor massive sulphide deposits and, subject to timely permitting, is positioning itself to become an emerging producer in 2010. Its main focus is the Solwara 1 Project, which is located in the territorial waters of PNG in the western Pacific Ocean.International Mining’s May issue will review Nautilus, Neptune Minerals and other companies involved in seabed minerals exploration and development.
MineARC Systems has acquired Shairzal Safety Engineering, taking over its manufacturing, servicing and sales commitments to all past and present customers. The Shairzal brand and product line will remain in place for the foreseeable future. MineARC General Manager, Mike Lincoln said, “Together, we are uniquely positioned to provide the most comprehensive product offering available to the market. The resulting portfolio will include emergency refuge solutions for the hard rock and coal industries.”All Shairzal related enquires will now be handled by MineARC. Lincoln continued: “Shairzal’s current customers will be well looked after. We have been in contact with all Shairzal customers and have reassured them our national service team will continue to support and service their needs.”
The Zest WEG Group is poised to commission the first total WEG control and automation solution sold to the African market at Banro’s Twangiza gold mine in the South Kivu province of the DRC. This fast track control and automation order was placed by Senet Projects towards the end of 2010 and incorporates another first for Zest, in that this is the first time that its innovative WEG SRW01 Smart Relays will be deployed on the African continent.The order includes fully containerised MCC’s supplied by Shaw Controls, also part of the Zest WEG Group, as well as WEG Variable Speed Drives (VSDs) and soft starters and an entire range of WEG LV switchgear. Significantly, all electric motors on this project were specified WEG.Zest Group Business Development Manager, David Claassen, says his company is particularly excited about this order because it is the first fully integrated WEG automation and control solution supplied on the African continent. “Senet Projects has shown an immense amount of faith in us, not only in terms of anticipated product performance, but also in regard to transporting all this equipment safely and on schedule to such an extremely remote site,” Claassen says. “The containerised MCC’s alone took eight weeks to reach the mine by road. Operating at 2,500 m above sea level, all this equipment needed to be correctly engineered and sized to operate optimally in such extreme conditions“We believe one of the key factors determining the placement of this order with us is our well established relationship with the client, our proven service and on time product delivery on various other projects.”Most of the control and automation is already installed at Twangiza and is being commissioned by an on-site crew comprising both Zest and Shaw Controls technicians.“Having a technical team from both Zest and Shaw Controls has allowed both companies to scale down their personnel requirements on this project and also narrows the risk to the client who is, in effect, dealing with one company,” Claassen comments.The WEG CFW-11 VSD with cutting edge technology for control of three phase induction motors was selected for the Twangiza installation. It can be used in a wide range of applications as it is designed for normal and heavy duty loads. The CFW11 carries various technology patents including vectrue technology (Quadratic V/F, sensorless and closed loop Vector control and VVW control) and optimal braking – (an alternative to the use of braking resistors for high inertia loads).“The beauty of the CFW-11 is that it can be used in both simple and sophisticated applications, owing to its broad range of functions and easy configuration, installation and operation,” Claassen says. “The CFW-11 presents excellent static and dynamic performance, precise torque and speed control, dynamic response, positioning precision and high overload capacity.”Further development of the CFW-11 includes the addition of the Safety Stop innovation in accordance with EN 954-1, category 3 which disables the PWM pulses of the IGBT’s in an emergency stop condition as well as a Real Time clock which is used for accurate date and time log of fault diagnostics.WEG soft starters have been designed to ensure the highest performance during starting and stopping induction motors. Starting methods include Voltage ramp, current ramp, current limit, pump control and torque control. Other features include a built-in bypass contactor which minimises heat losses and reduces panel size and cooling requirements, as well as various communication protocols (Profibus DP, DeviceNet, Modbus RTU). More than 200 innovative WEG SRW01 Smart Relays have been installed for the Twangiza project, making this gold plant the first operation in Africa to install the reliable low voltage electric motor management system with state-of-the-art technology and network communication capabilities. WEG SRW01 Smart Relays protect motors of high value and prevent extended downtime. What sets this technology apart in the marketplace is its ability to communicate with three different networks: ProfiBus DP, DeviceNet and ModBus-RTU. This advanced communication technology opens up a spectrum of previously impossible design options. Using plug-and-play technology, operators are able to change the communication protocol quickly and simply, while the system automatically recognises which protocol is in use.Advantages of the SRW01 Smart Relay include enhanced reliability of the protection system and operator safety in operation, supervision and maintenance. This cutting edge technology also reduces the amount of control wiring and motor control hardware usually associated with relays.Designed for the protection of high power electrical circuits, state-of-the-art ABW Air Circuit Breakers are part of the Twangiza installation. Features include a broad range of current adjustment and high short circuit interruption capacity. ABW air circuit breakers operate through a spring system, which can be manually charged through a front lever, or electrically through a motor. Remote operation is also possible via the closing and opening coils installed inside the circuit breaker. The closing coil is equipped with an “anti-pumping” electronic circuit, which prevents successive re-connections in a single command.WEG ACW Moulded Case Circuit Breakers are also being installed at Twangiza. Standard features include voltage and frequency rating, interrupting rating, continuous current rating and accessories. Common plug-in accessories simplify field installation, while cascading protection offers an economical approach by facilitating the use of downstream, low-cost, low-fault level breakers to offer savings in both the cost and size of equipment.
Tytec Recycling, a new company based in Perth, Western Australia, has announced what it states is “the world’s first environmentally friendly OTR tyre recycling. Edison Award-winning technology from Green Distillation Technologies Corp (GDTC) finally provides mining a way to convert used tyres into renewable energy sources. The innovative process consumes less energy and results in extremely low emissions and a safer work environment for system operators.”Tyre recycling has always been difficult especially for off the road (OTR) tyres used in mining. Tytec Recycling has developed an innovative solution. Using technology from GDTC, Tytec Recycling offers a one-step process to convert OTR tyres into high-quality steel, diesel oil and carbon.“We’ve been working on a way to efficiently recycle OTR tyres for the past nine years,” says Brett Fennell, Chairman of Tytec Recycling. “Tytec Recycling is collaborating with GDTC to establish an environmentally friendly way to turn old earthmoving tyres into a renewable energy source.”“There are plenty of ways to break down tyres but none of them are effective for OTR tires,” says Fennell.Tytec reports that most tyre recycling requires up to six steps, including removing the steel beading from tires, cutting the tyres into small pieces, then shredding or grinding the tyre cuttings. The final step in the recycling preparation is to perform magnetic sorting to remove any remaining steel for crumb rubber sales. Crumb rubber is commonly used in athletic surfaces, playgrounds and equestrian footings.In order to extract oil and carbon from old tyres, an additional process is required using pyrolysis reactors.The current recycling process is time-consuming, energy intensive and expensive. The larger the tyre, the more costly, maintenance intensive and difficult each step becomes.“The Destructive Distillation process used by Tytec Recycling allows a whole OTR tyre to be recycled in a single step,” explains Fennell. “We’re using continuous heating technology that’s incredibly energy efficient and results in extremely low emissions. Our reactors operate at a much lower temperature and pressure, providing the added advantage of being safer for system operators and reducing the wear and tear on the plant.”The result from the distillation process is reclaimed steel, carbon and diesel of saleable quality.Tytec Recycling holds an exclusive global technology license for the Destructive Distillation process for OTR tyres, allowing it to provide, it says, “the most environmentally friendly OTR tyre recycling in the world. All emissions meet or exceed EPA, European Environment Agency (EEA) and the Australian Department of Environment Regulation (DER) standards and approvals.“We’re currently on track to begin OTR recycling in June 2016 and will open our purpose-built recycling center in Perth in January 2017, then Queensland soon after,” Fennell says.Tytec Recycling will attend MINExpo 2016 in Las Vegas this September to showcase the process and explore potential opportunities to expand the company to other locations around the globe.GDTC has developed proprietary destructive distillation technology capable of recycling end-of-life tyres into saleable commodities of carbon, oil and steel. It received a 2015 Edison Award in the Resource Management or Renewable Resources category.