In memoriam: Dimitrios Trichopoulos, ‘giant’ in cancer epidemiology

first_img Read Full Story Dimitrios Trichopoulos, who was Vincent L. Gregory Professor of Cancer Prevention and Professor of Epidemiology, and a past chair of the Department of Epidemiology, died on December 1, 2014. He was 75.Dimitrios was an outstanding scientist and teacher for more than four decades in the field of cancer epidemiology and prevention. He published more than 1,000 scientific papers, continually staking out scientific frontiers — from seminal research linking secondhand smoke from cigarettes with an increased risk of lung cancer, and hepatitis B virus and tobacco smoking to increased risk of primary liver cancer, to findings documenting that surgically induced and early natural menopause reduced breast cancer risk. Outside of the field of cancer, his paper linking psychological stress after an earthquake in Athens to increased risk of cardiac death was included in a 1997 list in The Lancet of 27 papers deserving to form a core canon of medical literature.Dimitrios’ research career included several significant “firsts”: He was first, with a 1990 paper in The Lancet, to propose that in utero exposures play a major role in breast cancer causation. He also was first in 1981, along with an independent paper published a few days later, to report that secondhand smoke increases the risk of lung cancer. Along with Brian MacMahon, then chair of HSPH’s Department of Epidemiology, Dimitrios studied 51 nonsmoking women hospitalized with lung cancer in Greece, and compared them with age-matched women hospitalized for other problems. The researchers determined that the cancer patients were significantly more likely to have been exposed to their husband’s cigarettes.last_img read more

Topless Trees

first_imgThere is a blight on the landscape that forever damages great trees. It’s a blight arborists and foresters have fought for two decades. It’s called topping. People have been told their trees are too tall, too big or due for a “haircut.” They feel compelled to allow trees to be flat-topped, rounded-over, tipped, hedged, hat-racked or buzzed — all terms for topping. Whatever you call it, the result is abused and seriously injured trees. Trees are prone to abuse because of their strength, longevity and resilience to damage. Because trees survive abusive cutting practices, people believe they have done no harm. If only trees could whimper or moan, we would all see less tree damage in our yards and along our streets. To take care of trees requires understanding how they grow and thrive. Trees grow in segments. Children’s toys can help us see how trees are structurally connected. Interlocking building blocks, or modular toys, come apart the way they went together — in parts. Trees grow starting from a bud or leaf zone, called a “node.” The tree pushes out a long segment of twig, called an “internode,” and then forms another node. Long intervals of internodes separate short sections of nodes, where the leaves, flowers and buds are found. The node and internode growth patterns of trees represent growth units. They’re like Tinker Toys, which have long rods (internodes) separating round hubs (nodes). To take Tinker Toys apart, you don’t cut the long rods in half. You pull them apart at the nodes. Trees and Tinker Toys are segmented and modular. You build (or grow) each in segments and then, if needed, take them apart in segments. Reduce trees’ size, if you must, by removing growth units. Proper pruning uses tree anatomy as a guide to properly control growth. The highly abusive and permanently damaging process of topping a tree cuts branches anywhere. Tree parts aren’t removed in segments at their bases or at connecting nodes. Topped trees have branches cut in the middle of long internodes. This type of stub-cutting, hacking or tipping assures the tree of further damage to come. They lead to pest attacks, storm damage, decay problems and the need to cut further. Many people see poor tree care practices surrounding them and believe the wrong way is right. If you want your trees’ life shortened, your safety threatened and your liability risks magnified, then use these topping cutting methods. On the other hand, if you want good tree health, strong structure and reasonable safety, nodal cutting procedures work best. Pruning at the segment nodes is scientifically proven to help trees grow and remain safe. If you can see stubs of branches cut off in their middles on the outside edge of the tree crown, you see a victim of topping. If you can see large, round, branch cross-cuts with many new sprouts growing around them, you see a victim of topping. If you can see large, squared-off cuts high in the crown without a large, supporting side branch, you see a victim of topping. Don’t allow your valuable trees to be victims. Trees don’t — they can’t — heal wounds. They just seal off and grow around wounds. Once damaged, a tree is injured forever. It’s critical that you help prevent abusive cutting practices even if it is only one time. Trees provide so many things to our lives and communities. Don’t allow topless trees to blight the landscape for another generation. We must all work to stop tree-illiterate maintenance practices like topping.last_img read more

Kindred Design Studio Awarded Gold and Silver Creativity Awards

first_imgKindred Design Studio of Hinesburg, Vermont was awarded 2 Gold and 1 Silver Creativity Award, along with 2 other awards of merit as it was recognized by and accepted into the Creativity #37 Annual published by HarperCollins and due out in Summer 2008.Design work completed for The University of Vermont and TDK Medical, out of Chicago, IL. garnered the Golds, while Kindred Designs own promotional Creative Work Book received the Silver. Merit awards went out to work done for Magic Hat Brewery and VASA, Inc. out of Essex Junction, VT and manufacturer of the VASA Swim Trainer.First launched in 1970, the Creativity Awards is one of the most esteemed graphic design competitions. Thousands of entries are received each year. The annual competition culminates with the publication of the Creativity Annual, a 400 page, full color hard cover book.Kindred Design Studio helps businesses create and maintain their voice of communication through insightful brand consulting and complete design asset management. We are dedicated to highly creative thought, design and application across such assets as typography, identity system design, print collateral, packaging, product graphics and illustration.Kindred Design has done work for GE Healthcare, VASA, Inc., Healthy Living Natural Foods Market, Magic Hat Brewing Company, Girls on the Run and Green Mountain Habitat for Humanity. Other clientele include TDK Electronics Corporation, TDK Medical and Fauquier Hospital of Virginia.For more information: Steve RedmondKindred Design Studio, [email protected](link sends e-mail) is external)last_img read more

Strategic planning must change. Get out of your comfort zone

first_imgFor far too long credit unions have owned 8% of the market or less nationally. We are too good to be satisfied with that outcome. Real transformations are needed and must start with the planning process.However, the majority of businesses are not satisfied with their strategic planning efforts. The estimates of failed plans are all over the board, ranging from 50 – 90% across the country and industries. Credit unions are not immune from this performance. But why?Well, the obvious, strategic planning is difficult. There is more to it though. Often, the planning retreat is repeated year after year. Most likely following the same agenda layout. Typically, there will be recap of accomplishments and status of current projects. Not very strategic, right? Focusing on the past and short term diverts the attention from the future and hinders the ability to look forward.Creating a strategy requires serious, high-level discussions. The resulting vision must identify what the credit union wants to become, who they want to serve and how they will serve them from an ideological viewpoint. It also demands discussing – not predicting – the future and the risks of action versus inaction.Frederick Wilcox said “Progress always involves risks. You can’t steal second base and keep your foot on first base.” This is germane to strategic planning. You cannot enact change while doing things the way you always have.Strategic plans need to be a long-range vision. One that requires advancements to current operations. Staying with the status quo may be comfortable but it is extremely risky.We live in a world of change. You have probably heard that the pace of change today is as slow today as it ever will be. This is so true. However, it is difficult for people to accept and make changes. Great leaders recognize this and prepare their teams and companies for the inevitable changes, whatever they may be. While no one can predict the future, the act of preparing – strategizing – better prepares the credit union for the future.As you enter your next planning session, consider including these concepts to enhance the strategies developed:The strategic vision is conceptual/idealistic, not a prediction. – While the strategic objective does create an expected destination, it is not turn by turn directions. Tactical plans that factor the current and expected conditions (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) create the road map to the future vision created by the strategies. Just as driving on a long trip, flexibility is needed to allow for unexpected detours or delays.Ensure the strategic vision is simple and focused. – Great strategies require restraint by leadership. The number of strategic initiatives must be maintained at a manageable level. Change is difficult, but essential. Each identified strategy will have major reverberations throughout the organization. Additionally, products services and locations that do not conform to the strategy must be eliminated.  Simplicity facilitates the understanding, engagement and focus of the credit union. There will be ample opportunity to fold complexity into the tactics that are developed and implemented to achieve the desired outcomes.Move. – Implement agreed upon initiatives. Operational plans must formally document how the particular initiative contributes to achieving the strategic goal, expected timeline, accountability for the project and success factor(s) of the operation. Given the member-centric structure of credit unions, member satisfaction, relationship growth and market share performance factors should augment traditional profit, asset size and net worth targets. Review/Discuss/Adjust. – Don’t restrict planning to a one time a year event. At least quarterly (preferably monthly) review progress of the action/tactical plans. Are they on schedule? Are the results as expected? If not, what are the ramifications to the overall plan? Is progress towards the overall strategic vision being achieved? What internal conditions have changed to impact the plan? External? During this process it is important to remember the first bullet point. The strategic vision is not a prediction. It is a process. As such, lessons learned must be factored into the future steps. Credit unions cannot afford to be blindly locked into the “plan”. As Edward Filene once said, “Progress is the constant replacing of the best there is with something still better.” It is important to keep in mind that the ultimate goal is to make progress towards the strategic vision.Credit unions are vital, member-owned financial cooperatives that deliver tremendous value to their members and communities. It’s time to acquire more market share and expand the benefits provided to more of our friends and neighbors. 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,David Clendaniel David Clendaniel is an inspirational and strategic leader that translates business strategies into programs and products to improve the quality of life for members, employees, and community. After being raised … Web: Detailslast_img read more

CUNA files brief bringing TCPA concerns to U.S. Supreme Court

first_imgThe Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TPCA) as currently implemented harms credit unions member by hindering the flow of important information and forces them to bear the costs of TCPA lawsuits, CUNA wrote in an amicus brief filed with the U.S. Supreme Court Wednesday. CUNA filed its brief in Duguid v. Facebook, saying it believes the Ninth Circuit Court’s previous decision is “fundamentally flawed.”“Navigating this complex and opaque legal and regulatory quagmire is particularly problematic for the thousands of small credit unions that serve rural or economically disadvantaged communities underserved by traditional banking institutions…To avoid potentially crippling TCPA litigation, credit unions have abandoned efficient calling technologies,” the brief reads. “Notifications of critical importance to members—such as notices of past due payments or fraud alerts—are delayed or not made at all.”CUNA has previously advocated to Congress (including emails to all 535 Congressional offices) and the Federal Communications Commission for clarity regarding the TCPA. This lack of clarity has left credit unions unclear as to whether they would face legal action while trying to communicate account information to members. continue reading » ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

Democracy needs more critical thought

first_imgCategories: Letters to the Editor, Opinion Recently I read two pieces in the April 29 Gazette which stand in stark contrast — one by an area teacher, Suzanne Schuffert, and the other by a senior editor at National Review, Ramesh Ponnuru (“Why aren’t liberals outraged about Alfie Evans case?”).Ms. Schuffert’s is the far superior work. She argues that: “Not all learning happens at a desk,” and she clearly defended student protests as growing out of accepted social values, concern for their safety and a right under the First Amendment to speak out. They shouldn’t be labeled political, but value-based and part of critical thinking which is useful in a democratic society.By contrast, Mr. Ponnuru ruined an otherwise good column by not stopping when he made his point which a columnist of his stature should have done. His column noted that the British state appeared to be reacting in an irrational and nearly incomprehensible way against an innocent citizen.Enough said. But he went on to quote The Guardian, a British daily newspaper, and cast divisiveness by labeling those with one persuasion as social conservatives and asked why liberals aren’t horrified as well. This muddled his argument that all people should be appalled when any government actions overstep deeply held values for life, liberty, parental authority and rational choice for the welfare of their children.That’s the stuff of authoritarianism and dictatorship. It’s not conservatives and liberals we should fear, but irrational thinkers and powerf-mongers especially, when they co-opt our governments to pervert democracy that has been so hard-earned.Betty PieperScotiaMore from The Daily Gazette:Foss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?Schenectady teens accused of Scotia auto theft, chase; Ended in Clifton Park crash, Saratoga Sheriff…EDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationEDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusEDITORIAL: Thruway tax unfair to working motoristslast_img read more

The final curtain?

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KPK warns that COVID-19 aid swindlers face death penalty

first_imgThe Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) has asserted that those found guilty of corruption relating to COVID-19 relief funds could face the death penalty.”Public safety is the highest law. We have no choice but to punish those who commit corruption during a disaster with the death penalty,” KPK chairman Firli Bahuri said on Wednesday in a meeting with the House of Representatives Commission III overseeing legal affairs. The government has allocated an extra Rp 405.1 trillion (US$24.6 billion) in funds to handle the COVID-19 outbreak, which includes Rp 75 trillion for healthcare spending and Rp 110 trillion for social safety net programs.Read also: Activists warn of potential graft as govt sets aside billions for COVID-19 reliefHowever, anticorruption activists have raised concerns that the KPK may be powerless to investigate acts of corruption because of the strict bureaucratic arrangements introduced through the revised KPK Law.Commission III lawmakers have urged the KPK to take firm action against corruption during the outbreak, following the government’s issuance of Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) No. 1/2020, which gives it leeway to fund its COVID-19 battle.The regulation enables the government to widen the state budget deficit threshold to about 5 percent of the GDP from 3 percent at present. With the higher deficit threshold, the government can increase spending on relief efforts.Arteria Dahlan of the ruling Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) said the KPK should use this moment to show the public its new “style”, which focuses on prevention over the prosecution of graft suspects.“In addition to overseeing the procurement of goods and services and the use of donations, the KPK should oversee the policymaking process. Prevention is needed. […] We want the KPK to protect the government and provide recommendations for bad policies.” he said.He added that the KPK should also monitor the government’s appointment of partners for its programs.Read also: Weakened KPK may face hurdles in probing social aid graft: ActivistsArteria referred to government’s choice of education startup Ruangguru for its preemployment card project. The CEO of the company, Belva Devara, is a former special aide to President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo. Other lawmakers have also called on the KPK to monitor such matters.“Vendors have been appointed without proper tenders. This is uncommon for a Rp 5.7 trillion project in a time of crisis, especially when the program participants only receive access to basic virtual classes that they could get for free on the internet,” said Aboebakar Alhabsyi of the Prosperous Justice Party (PKS). The 2001 Anticorruption Law stipulates that those found to have committed corruption or self-enrichment offenses that cause state losses during a national disaster may be sentenced to death.He added that the antigraft body had identified four areas of the government’s COVID-19 response that were prone to corruption, namely goods and services procurement, third party donations, budget reallocation and aid distribution.The KPK had also formed a task force to oversee these sectors.”We collaborate with ministries and various agencies. We’ve also asked for the National Police’s assistance to monitor the use of the budget and the distribution of social aid to remote areas.”center_img Topics :last_img read more

Police: Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over

first_imgVersailles, In. — The Indiana State Police will be using the newly acquired 777 portable breath test devices to curb impaired driving over the holidays.In every state, it is illegal to drive with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 or higher. In Indiana, drivers under 21 with a BAC of .02 or higher are subject to fines and a license suspension for up to 1 year.Since 2017, more than 2,600 portable breath tests have been purchased for 150 law-enforcement agencies across Indiana. The Alco-Sensor FSTs also include passive sniffers that can sense alcohol in the air around a person or an open container.Drive Sober or Get Pulled OverWith thousands upon thousands of Hoosier families taking to their cars for holiday gatherings, football games and parties officials are conducting a zero tolerance operation.ISP is joining law-enforcement agencies across Indiana and the nation to enforce impaired-driving laws as part of Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over. Expect to see increased sobriety checkpoints, roving patrols and saturation patrols.Getting arrested for operating a vehicle while intoxicated (OWI) means going to jail and losing your driver’s license. The average cost? About $10,000, including car towing, attorney fees, fines, court costs, lost time at work and other hefty expenses. For more information, visit the website.Drive High – Get an OWIImpaired driving includes more than alcohol, and there is no quick field test for the many prescription, over-the-counter and illegal drugs that can impair drivers. This year, the police officers highly trained to recognize and enforce drug-impaired driving were issued Android tablets to simplify documentation for prosecution.Taking a new drug or a higher dose? Talk with a doctor or don’t drive until you know what effects it has. Even over-the-counter medication can cause impairment, especially when combined with alcohol or a second drug.Tips for a safe and fun holidayWith all of today’s options for getting home safely, there’s no excuse for getting behind the wheel impaired as it endangers you and everyone else around you. Law enforcement recommends these safe alternatives to impaired driving:Designate, or be, a sober driver.Use public transportation.Call a cab or a ridesharing service.Download the SaferRide mobile app on the Android Play Storeor the Apple iTunes Store. This app only has three options: call a taxi, call a friend, and identify your location for pickup.Celebrate at home or a place where you can stay until sober.Throwing a party? Offer non-alcoholic beverages and plenty of food.Never provide alcohol to minors.Ask young drivers about their plans.Friend or family member about to drive? Take the keys and make alternate arrangements.Report impaired driversImpaired driving is three times more common at night than during the day. If you see an impaired driver, turn off the road away from the vehicle and call 911. Signs of impaired driving include:Weaving, swerving, drifting, or straddling the center lineDriving at a very slow speedBraking erraticallyMaking wide turnsStopping without causeResponding slowly to traffic signalsDriving after dark with headlights offAlmost striking an object or vehicleDriving on the wrong side of the roadTurning abruptly or illegallylast_img read more

Magath: Win boosts confidence

first_img Press Association Ashkan Dejagah struck eight minutes after coming on as a second-half substitute to give Magath his first win as Fulham boss at the fourth attempt in Newcastle’s first match since Alan Pardew’s headbutt of Hull midfielder David Meyler earned a three-match stadium ban. It was the Cottagers’ first Premier League win since collecting three points on January 14 against Norwich, following two points in the intervening eight games, and the remaining eight matches will determine their fate. Fulham are now within a point of second-bottom Cardiff, but West Brom remain four points ahead by winning at Swansea. “I do not care much about the other results,” Magath said. ” We have to do our work and we have to do our results. “It was not only the result today. We were the better team. “It will give us the confidence that we can avoid relegation and stay in the league. “I’m convinced that we can manage it and stay in the league. After this game and this victory I’m more than convinced.” Fulham thought their goal had come earlier as twice in the opening 10 minutes of the second half they had the ball in Newcastle’s net, only for Pajtim Kasami and Cauley Woodrow’s efforts to be ruled out for offside. Woodrow put the ball in after Johnny Heitinga’s shot had bounced down off the crossbar and, replays showed, by the smallest of fractions, on to the line. Magath, an advocate of goal-line technology, had no complaints. Fulham manager Felix Magath believes the 1-0 win over Newcastle will give the Cottagers the confidence to climb out of their predicament at the bottom of the Premier League. He added: “I’m glad that we have it here in the Premier League because that makes it more fair.” Magath made five changes following the loss at Cardiff, including fielding David Stockdale in goal in place of Maarten Stekelenburg, a selection which the Englishman justified with a string of outstanding saves. “It was a hard decision for Maarten, but he has taken it very well,” Magath added. “Maarten is a quiet keeper. He’s not loud and David is more exciting, he’s louder. That was my idea. “He was very good. We can thank him for this very good performance.” Stockdale denied Papiss Cisse and Fulham broke, the ball finding its way to Dejagah, who fired a shot under Tim Krul. The Iran winger was unable to complete the game due to an adductor hip injury which meant he was limited to a place on the bench. Magath also revealed Darren Bent was not considered due to a private matter. Pardew was helpless watching a live feed from his west London hotel as Newcastle suffered a fifth-successive loss. Magpies assistant manager John Carver twice spoke to Pardew during the game, at half-time and towards the end of the 90 minutes. Carver said: “It was pretty brief. Two conversations and that was it. “Other than him not being here for the 3.5 hours, he’s been right at the front of it.” At full-time Carver highlighted a possible penalty when Krul went up for a stoppage-time corner and felt the ball hit Heitinga’s arm, only for referee Howard Webb to blow for full-time. Carver had to keep his composure and tame an angry Krul. “I certainly counted to 10,” Carver added. “I had a nice, sensible conversation with Howard and he explained his reasons to me and I accepted that. “He (Webb) said that in the position he was in he couldn’t actually see it hit his arm. “(But) sometimes when you’re not quite sure you think ‘let’s end the game now’. “Tim was a bit animated. He wanted to go to see him. I said no, get yourself out, don’t go there. It’s not worth it.” last_img read more